Warren Middle Passage Resource List

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Books and Articles

Araujo, Ana L. Politics of memory: making slavery visible in the public sphere, Routledge, 2016

Arnold, James N., Vital Record of RI, Volume 6, Narragansett Historical Publishing Company, 1891-1912 https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/270079-vital-record-of-rhode-island-1636-1850-a-family-register-for-the-people-1900-v-6?viewer=1&offset=0#page=2&viewer=picture&o=&n=0&q=

Baker, Virginia, History of Warren in the War of the Revolution, Virginia Baker, 1901 https://archive.org/details/historyofwarrenr01bake/mode/2up

Baptist, Edward E., The Half has never been told: slavery and the makin of American capitalism, Basic Books, 2014

Bartlett, I. H., From slave to citizen: the story of the Negro in RI, Urban League of Greater Rhode Island, 1954  https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112000434214&view=1up&seq=5&skin=2021

Bartlett, John R. (ed.), Records of the Colony of RI and Providence Plantations in New England, 1678 to 1706, Volume VI, Knowles and Anthony, 1865 https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951t00184203m&view=1up&seq=7&skin=2021

Berlin, Ira, and Hoffman, Ronald, Slavery and freedom in the age of the American Revolution, University of Illinois,1986   https://archive.org/details/slaveryfreedomin0000unse/page/n3/mode/2up

Bicknell, Thomas W., History and genealogy of the Bicknell Family, and some collected…, Bicknell, 1913  https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89062850383&view=1up&seq=7&skin=2021

Bicknell, Thomas W., A History of the Town of Barrington, RI, Snow and Farnham, 1898 https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nnc1.cu54326478&view=1up&seq=9&skin=2021

Bolster, W. Jeffrey, Black Jacks: African American seamen in the age of sail, Harvard University Press, 1997 https://archive.org/details/blackjacksafrica0000bols

Clark-Pujara, Christy, Dark work: the business of slavery in RI, New York University Press, 2016

Coleman, Peter J., The Transformation of RI, 1790-1860, Brown University Press, 1963 https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015008414248&view=1up&seq=6&skin=2021

Cottrol, Robert J., The Afro-Yankees: Providence’s Black community in the Antebellum Era, Greenwood Press, 1982 https://archive.org/details/afroyankeesprovi0000cott

Coughtry, Jay, The Notorious triangle: RI and the African slave trade, 1700-1807, Temple University Press, 1981 https://archive.org/details/rhode-island

Farrow, A., Lang,J. and Frank,J., Complicity: how the North promoted, prolonged and profited from slavery, Ballantine Books, 2006

Fessenden, Guy Mannering, The history of Warren, RI, Providence, H.H. Brown, 1845, https://archive.org/details/historyofwarrenr00fess

Geake, Robert A., and Spears, Loren, From slaves to soldiers: the First RI Regiment in the American Revolution, Westholm Publishing, 2016

Greene, Lorenzo J., The Negro in colonial New England, 1620-1776, Columbia University Press, 1942 https://archive.org/details/negroincolonialn00gree

Grundset, Eric G., Forgotten patriots: African-American and American Indian patriots in the Revolutionary War…, National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 2008 https://www.dar.org/sites/default/files/media/library/DARpublications/Forgotten_Patriots_ISBN-978-1-892237-10-1.pdf

Herndon, Ruth W., Unwelcome Americans: living on the margin in Early New England, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001

Herndon, Ruth W., and Senator, Ella W., “The Right to a name: Narragansett people and Rhode Island officials in the Revolutionary era”, Ethnohistory, vol 44, no. 3, Summer, 1997, pp. 433-62.

Horton, James O., and Horton, Lois E, Slavery and public history: the tough stuff of American memory, University of North Carolina Press, 2009 https://archive.org/details/slaverypublichis00jame

Johnston, William D., Slavery in RI, 1775-1776, Papers from the Historical Seminary of Brown University, 1894 https://archive.org/details/slaveryinrhodeis00john

Jones, Daniel P., The Economic and social transformation of rural RI, 1780-1850, Northeastern University Press, 1992

Kaplan, Sidney, The Black presence in the era of the American Revolution,

University of Massachusetts Press, 1989 https://archive.org/details/blackpresenceint00kap_ktt

Lin, Rachel C., “The RI slave traders: Butchers, bakers, and candlestick makers”, Slavery and Abolition, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 21-38

MacGunnigle, Bruce, Regimental Book: RI Regiment for 1781, RI Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, 2011

Manegold, C. S., Ten Hills Farm: the forgotten history of slavery in the North, Princeton University Press, 2009 https://archive.org/details/tenhillsfarmforg00mane_0

Mason, Alverado H., Genealogy of the Sampson Mason Family, A. H. Mason, 1902 https://archive.org/details/genealogyofsamps00maso

Melish, Joanne Pope, Disowning slavery: gradual emancipation and ‘Race’ in New England, 1780-1860, Cornell University Press, 2000 https://archive.org/details/disowningslavery00meli

Newell, Margaret F., Brethren by nature: New England Indians, colonists, and the origins of American slavery, Cornell University Press, 2015 https://archive.org/details/brethrenbynature00newe

Pierson, William D., Black Yankees: the development of an Afro-American subculture in 18th Century New England, University of Massachusetts Press, 1988 https://archive.org/details/blackyankeesdeve00pier

Popek, Daniel M., “They Fought Bravely, But Were Unfortunate”…..: the story of Rhode Island’s Black Regiment…, Anchor House, 2015 https://books.google.com/books?id=HMnyCgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Register of Seaman’s Protection Certificates from the Providence, RI Customs Districts, 1796-1870 https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/49313/images/FLHG_RegSeamensProtectionCert-0135?ssrc=&backlabel=Return&rc=231%2C1362%2C383%2C1399%3B231%2C1455%2C382%2C1492%3B942%2C1519%2C1093%2C1559%3B231%2C1608%2C382%2C1645%3B228%2C1703%2C382%2C1740%3B229%2C1796%2C380%2C1833%3B228%2C1888%2C379%2C1926%3B938%2C1951%2C1090%2C1990%3B228%2C2039%2C379%2C2076%3B227%2C2131%2C378%2C2168&pId=892

RI Black Heritage Society, Creative survival: The Providence Black community in the nineteenth century, RI Black Heritage Society, 1995

RI Historical Preservation and Heritage Commission, Warren, RI, Statewide Preservation Report B-W-1, RI Historic Preservation Commission, 1975  https://preservation.ri.gov/sites/g/files/xkgbur406/files/pdfs_zips_downloads/survey_pdfs/warren.pdf

Rider, Sidney, S., An Historical inquiry concerning the attempt to raise a regiment of slaves by RI during the War of Revolution, S. S. Rider, 1880 https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/126481-an-historical-inquiry-concerning-the-attempt-to-raise-a-regiment-of-slaves-by-rhode-island-during-the-war-of-the-revolution?viewer=1&offset=4#page=11&viewer=picture&o=&n=0&q=

Roediger, D. and Blatt, M. H. (eds.), The Meaning of slavery in the North, Garland Publishing, 1999

SenGupta, Gunja, From slavery to poverty, New York University Press, 2009

Slavery and Justice: Report of the Brown University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice, Brown University, 2007 https://www.brown.edu/Research/Slavery_Justice/documents/SlaveryAndJustice.pdf

Stachiw, Myron O., Negro cloth: Northern industry and Southern slavery, Merrimack Valley Textile Museum, 1981

Stewart, Rowena, Blacks in RI: a heritage discovered, Black Heritage Society of RI, 1976. https://sosri.access.preservica.com/uncategorized/io_2e5ca2be-0674-4b88-bb9e-dbf8a413c55d/

Sweet, John W., Bodies politic: negotiating race in the American North, 1730-1830, University of Penn. Press, 2003

Taylor, Maureen, Runaways, deserters, and notorious villains from RI…, Picton Press, 2001

Van Buskirk, Judith L., Standing in their own light: African American patriots in the American Revolution, University of Oklahoma, 2017

Walker, Anthony, So few the brave (RI Continentals) 1775-1783, Seafield Press, 1981

Walker, James D., Minority military service in Rhode Island, 1775-1783, Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1988

Warren, Wendy, New England bound: slavery and colonization in early America, S. I. Liveright, 2016

Whiting, Gloria M., “Race, slavery and the problem of numbers in early New England: a view from probate court”, William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 77, no. 3, July, 2020, pp. 405-440

Youngken, Richard C., African Americans in Newport,: an introduction to the heritage of African Americans in Newport, RI, 1770-1945, RI Historic Preservation and Heritage Commission and RI Black Heritage Society, 1995

Primary Sources

Aaron Lopez Papers and Aaron Lopez Account Book, Newport Historical Society

Aaron Lopez Papers, New York Jewish Historical Society

Births, Marriages, and Deaths, Town of Warren, 1774-1844

Military Papers of the Revolutionary War, Rhode Island State Archives

Rhode Island Census, 1774 and 1782.

United States Census, Rhode Island, 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830

Warren Deed Books, Town of Warren, Town Clerk’s Office

Warren 1700s Papers, Bound, unnumbered Volume at Town Clerk’s office

Warren 1800s Papers, Bound, unnumbered Volume at Town Clerk’s office

Warren Tax List, Town of Warren, 1785, 1780, 1786, 1787

Warren Town Records Collection, 1746-1811, Volume 1, Parts 1 & 2, Town Clerk’s Office

Warren Town Records Collection, 1765-1826, RI Historical Society

Wills and Inventories of the Town of Warren, Town Clerk’s Office, Volume 1, 1747-1789, Volume 2, 1789-1802, Volume 3, 1810-1819


Clark-Pujara, Christy, Slavery, emancipation, and Black freedom in RI, 1652-1842, Thesis, University of Iowa, 2009

Glickman, Jessica, A War at the heart of man: The Structure and construction of ships bound for Africa, Thesis, University of RI, 2015

Morrill, Rebecca, Religion and social influences upon the Anti-Slavery Movement in RI, 1773-1799, Thesis, Brown University, 1989

Whiting, Gloria, African families, American stories: Black kin and community in early New England, Thesis, Harvard University, 2015


Boston Middle Passage and Port Markers Project Ceremony https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=

MA, Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1991 ancestry.com

Middle Passage Ceremonies and Port Markers Project https://www.middlepassageproject.org

Military Records fold3.com

RI Historic Cemetery Commission Database  rihistoriccemeteries.org

RI, Vital Extracts, 1636-1899 ancestry.com

RI, Wills and Probate Records, 1582-1932 ancestry.com


Slavery in the North  www.slavenorth.com

US Census Bureau uscensus.gov

US Revolutionary War Rolls ancestry.com

Voyages: The Transatlantic Slave Trade Database slavevoyages.org

Warren, RI Wills and Inventories ancestry.com

Recent Writings About Race


Adichie, Chimamanda N., Americanah, Knopf, 2013

Beatty, Paul, The Sellout, Farrah, Straus, & Giroux, 2015

McBride, James, Deacon King Kong, Riverhead Books, 2020

Reid, Kiley, Such a fun age, Random House, 2017

Thomas, Angie, The hate u give, Balzer & Bray, 2017

Whitehead, Colson, The Underground Railroad: a novel, Doubleday, 2018

Winters, Ben H., Underground Airlines, Mulholland Books, 2017


Benes, Peter, ed., Slavery/Antislavery in New England, 28th Dublin Seminar, Boston University, 2005

Bennett, Juda, et.al., The Toni Morrison Book Club, University of Wisconsin, 2020

Blight, David, Frederick Douglass: prophet of freedom, Harvard University, 2020

Coates, Ta-Nahisi, Between the world and me, Spiegel and Grau, 2015

Coates, Ta-Nahisi, We were eight years in power: an American tragedy, One World, 2015

Dyson, Michael E., Long time coming: reckoning with race in New England, St. Martin’s, 2020

Kendi, Ibram and Blain, Keisha, Four hundred souls: a community history, New World, 2021

Kendi, Ibram, Stamped from the beginning: the definitive history…., Nation Books, 2016

Oliver, Stephanie S., ed., Black ink: literary legends…., Atria, 2018

Smith, Clint, How the Word is Passed:A Reckoning with the History of Slavery Across America, Little, Brown and Company, 2021

Stevenson, Brian, Just mercy: a story of justice…., Spiegel and Grau, 2014

Taylor, Candace, Overground Railroad: the Green Book….Abrams, 2020

Wilkerson, Isabel, Caste: the origins of our discontent, Random House, 2020

Wilkerson, Isabel, The Warmth of other suns: the epic….Random House, 2010


February, 2023 rev